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Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic Surgery Laparoscopic surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery (MIS), bandaid surgery, or keyhole surgery, is a modern surgical technique in which operations in the abdomen are performed through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) as opposed to the larger incisions needed in laparotomy.

Keyhole surgery makes use of images displayed on TV monitors to magnify the surgical elements. Laparoscopic surgery includes operations within the abdominal or pelvic cavities, whereas keyhole surgery performed on the thoracic or chest cavity is called thoracoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery belong to the broader field of endoscopy.

There are a number of advantages to the patient with laparoscopic surgery versus an open procedure. These include reduced pain due to smaller incisions and hemorrhaging, and shorter recovery time.

The key element in laparoscopic surgery is the use of a laparoscope. There are two types:

  1. A telescopic rod lens system, that is usually connected to a video camera (single chip or three chip), or
  2. A digital laparoscope where the charge-coupled device is placed at the end of the laparoscope, eliminating the rod lens system.

Laparoscopic SurgeryLaparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most common laparoscopic procedure performed. In this procedure, 5–10 mm diameter instruments (graspers, scissors, clip applier) can be introduced by the surgeon into the abdomen through trocars (hollow tubes with a seal to keep the CO2 from leaking). Over one million cholecystectomies are performed in the U.S. annually, with over 96% of those being performed laparoscopically.

There are two different formats for laparoscopic surgery. Multiple incisions are required for technology such as the da Vinci Surgical System, which uses a console located away from the patient, with the surgeon controlling a camera, vacuum pump, saline cleansing solution, cutting tools, etc. each located within its own incision site, but oriented toward the surgical objective. The surgeon's hands manipulate two haptic grippers which track hand movements and rotations while relaying haptic sensations back to the surgeon.

Jameel Akther

 Dr. Jameel Akther

Contact No : 9789903896


9am to 5pm (Mon - Sat)
Schedule Appointment


Apollo Hospitals

No: 21, Greams Lane, Off Greams Road
Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600006
Phone: +91 97899 03896

Dr. Jameel Akhter works as a General Surgeon in Apollo Hospitals, Chennai. An expert in Laparoscopic Surgery, he also does Bariatric surgery in Chennai.

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