Laparoscopic Surgery in Chennai
Laparoscopic or "minimally invasive" surgery is a specialized technique for performing surgery in the past,
this technique was commonly used for gynecologic surgery and for gall bladder surgery. Over the last 10 years
the use of this technique has expanded into intestinal surgery.
What is colorectal surgery?
Colorectal surgery is a field in medicine dealing with disorders of the rectum, anus, and colon. The field is also known as proctology, but this term is now used infrequently within medicine and is most often employed to identify practices relating to the anus and rectum in particular.
What are the Colorectal surgical disorders?
Colorectal surgical disorders include:
- varicosities or swelling, and inflammation of veins in the rectum and anus (hemorrhoids)
- unnatural cracks or tears in the anus (anal fissures)
- abnormal connections or passageways between the rectum or other anorectal area to the skin surface (fistulas)
- severe constipation conditions
- fecal incontinence
- protrusion of the walls of the rectum through the anus (rectal prolapse)
- birth defects such as the imperforate anus
- any injuries to the anus
- removal of objects inserted into anus
- treatment of severe colic disorders, such as Crohn's disease
- cancer of the colon and rectum (colorectal cancer)
repositioning of the rectal area if fallen out anal cancer
When is this surgery performed?
This surgery is performed to repair damage caused to colon, rectum, and anus caused by diseases of the lower digestive tract such as cancer, diverticulitis, and inflammatory bowel disease.
What are the diagnostic procedures before surgery?
MRI is used by the physicians both prior and during surgery to determine the precise margins for resection of the colon so that they can eliminate all of the diseased tissue.
Diagnostic procedures, such as a colonoscopy, are very important in colorectal surgery, as they can tell the physician what type of diagnosis should be given and what procedure should be done to correct the condition.
Other diagnostic procedures used by colorectal surgeons include: proctoscopy, defecating proctography and sigmoidoscopy
What are the surgical forms of treatments?
Surgical forms of treatment for these conditions include: colectomy, ileo/colostomy, polypectomy, strictureplasty, hemorrhoidectomy (in severe cases of hemorrhoids), anoplasty, and more depending on the condition the patient has.
Robotic rectal surgery is a new advanced colorectal surgery technique that has transformed the management of patients with rectal problems, such as benign and cancer-related problems.